Revision practice for quiz revision session Freud and Development of self (other questions taken from handouts)
Id - The primitive, instinctive, unconscious part of personality. This part of personality demands immediate satisfaction(the need to behave in unacceptable ways) and is governed by the Pleasure Principle.
is Existential Self (Self Awareness)
Self (Self Awareness)
of own separate existence – separate from surroundings and other people ,
sense of continuity of self over develops over time.
Super Ego - The ethical and moral component of personality. This is normally learnt from others i.e. Parents. The Super Ego is basically your conscience.
Ego - The conscious, intellectual part of personality. The Ego regulates the Id. The Ego is governed by the reality principle(the need to behave in acceptable ways)
9-12 months placed in front of mirror, looks at image, smiles and tries to play.
Experimenter wipes babies nose with rouge.
Question- Does baby reach/explore spot on its own nose or on the mirror.
0% explore the spot on their nose
25% explore the spot on their nose
75% explore the spot on their nose
Anal Stage (18 months - 3 years old)
Most sexual pleasure detaches itself from the mouth and it concentrates itself on the anus. The child experiences erotic gratification from withholding(disobedience) and expelling(compliance) faeces. Therefore frustration and conflict may arise over toilet training (Any disturbance of this may result in permanent fixation in the anal channel for gratification and may be responsible for the following -- People who enjoyed withholding faeces Stinginess, Punctuality and Possessiveness. -- People who enjoyed enjoyed expelling faeces Hot Tempers, untidiness and destructiveness.
Oral Stage (12-18 months old)
Pleasure(sexual) is gained
basically from the mouth , first through sucking then biting (Any disturbance of
this may result in permanent fixation on the oral channel for gratification and
may be responsible for Smoking, Overeating, thumb-sucking, pencil chewing. Your
personality may develop to be impatient, greedy and dependent)
Self –The ability to place one self in whole range of categories(e.g. Age ,
children place ‘self’ at extremes on any dimension e.g. reger to self (and
others) as BIG or SMALL but not usually in between.
The boy is now aware of
physical differences between boys and girls and he fears that his penis will be
cut off - Castration Anxiety (as has the girls he believes) because of
his desires for his mother. To alleviate this Castration Anxiety the boy
abandons his striving to posses his mother and increases his identification with
his father wanting to be like him rather than replacing him.
stated Self Esteem is ‘ Personal judgement of worthiness’
(1969.83) Self Esteem may be affected by 1) Reaction of others 2) Comparison
with others, Roles, Identification with others
Girl - Resents Mother's place
in her father's affections and her mother's shared deficit(lack of penis). The
girl may develop neurotic sexual inhibitions or may display more masculine
behaviour. She develops a desire to have her fathers baby (a boy) to make up the
deficiency she lacks i.e. a penis (electra complex)